Efficient bicycle networks and expansion strategies


  • Joel Talvitie Aalto University
  • Veeti Kuivalainen Aalto University






This article explains some of the key attributes and factors relating to efficient bicycle networks and their expansion strategies. Varying from a network scale to brief discussion about the streetscape design, many scientific publications are referenced to explain the crucial aspects which must be taken into consideration when planning an attractive cycling network. Modal switch from other transport modes, especially from cars is one of the goals of this cycling promotion. Various methods such as building new bicycle facilities, improving the quality of existing ones and increasing the comfort and safety of the connections were found to improve the attractiveness of cycling in urban context. Additionally, this article analyses the reasons behind cyclists’ route choice as well as the metrics such as connectedness, directedness and coverage which can be used to measure the level of network functionality. Lastly, network growth under limited resources is considered and an equitable distribution of cycleways across the city is found to be important in preventing neighbourhood segregation while not being too far from a utilitarian kind of distribution in terms of return to investment.


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Talvitie, J., & Kuivalainen, V. (2024). Efficient bicycle networks and expansion strategies. Liikenne-vuosikirja, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.58956/liikenne.142998